The UK Government has introduced the TOM or target operating model.  This has the goal of “creating the most effective border in the world, by introducing an improved regime of sanitary, phytosanitary and security controls on imports”.  This will help maintain public, animal and plant health and will have an impact on goods, particularly food products of animal origin, that are being imported into the UK from the EU and the Rest of World.  


31st January 2024

Introduction of export health certificates on imports of medium risk animal products and phytosanitary certificates for plants/plant products and also high risk food and feed of non-animal origin from the EU. The pre-notification requirements of low risk plant/plant products from the EU are removed.

30th April 2024

Introduction of documentary and risk-based identity and physical checks at the border on medium risk animal products, plants/plant products and high risk food and feed of non-animal origin imported from the EU. The existing inspections of high risk plants/plant products from the EU will now take place at BCPs instead of the destination.

The removal of health certification and routine checks on low risk animal products, plants/plant products from the Rest of World as well as reduction in physical and identity check levels on medium-risk Rest of World animal products.

31st October 2024

The requirement for Safety and Security declarations for exports from the EU into Great Britain or from other territories where the waiver applies will come into force from 31st October 2024 as set out in the original Target Operating Model. Alongside this, they will introduce a reduced dataset for imports and use of the UK Single Trade Window will remove duplication where possible across different pre-arrival datasets – such as pre-lodged customs declarations.

Sanitary and phytosanitary documentary, physical and identity checks for non-qualifying goods moving from the island of Ireland to Great Britain will be introduced at ports on the West Coast of Great Britain.


target operating model high risk categories

target operating model medium risk categories

target operating model low risk categories